The National Academy of Sciences
The Academies enlist committees of the nation's top scientists, engineers, and other experts -- all of whom volunteer their time to study specific concerns. The results of their deliberations have inspired some of America's most significant and lasting efforts to improve the health, education, and welfare of the population.
was established by Congress in 1863 to "investigate, examine, experiment, and report upon any subject of science or art ..." when called upon by the government. NAS and its sister institutions -- the National Academy of Engineering and National Academy of Medicine -- provide a public service by working outside the framework of government to ensure independent advice on matters of science, technology, and medicine.
For more information, please visit the Academies' website.