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Summer/Fall 2008 Vol. 8 No. 2




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NEW PROJECTS & PUBLICATIONS


Projects

The following projects have been recently undertaken by units of the National Academies. The latest information about all current committee activities -- including project descriptions, committee rosters, and meeting information -- is available in "Current Projects" on the National Academies' Web site.

Heliophysics Performance Assessment
Space Studies Board, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences. Project director: Brant Sponberg. Co-chairs: Stephen A. Fuselier, researcher, Lockheed Martin Advanced Technology Center, Palo Alto, Calif.; and Roderick A. Heelis, professor and director, William B. Hanson Center for Space Sciences, University of Texas, Dallas. Sponsor: NASA.

National Requirements for Precision Geodetic Infrastructure
Board on Earth Sciences and Resources, Division on Earth and Life Studies. Project director: David Feary. Chair: J. Bernard Minster, professor of geophysics, Institute of Geophysics and Planetary Physics, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California, San Diego. Sponsors: NASA, National Science Foundation, U.S. Geological Survey, National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency, U.S. Naval Observatory, and National Geodetic Survey.

Options for Strengthening and Expanding the Department of Defense Cooperative Threat Reduction Program
Development, Security, and Cooperation, Division on Policy and Global Affairs. Project director: Anne Harrington. Co-chairs: David R. Franz, vice president and chief biological scientist, Midwest Research Institute, Frederick, Md.; and Ronald F. Lehman II, director, Center for Global Security Research, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, Calif. Sponsor: U.S. Department of Defense.

Potential Energy Savings and Greenhouse Gas Reductions from Transportation
Studies and Special Programs, Transportation Research Board. Project director: Thomas Menzies. Chair: Emil H. Frankel, director of transportation policy, Bipartisan Policy Center, Washington, D.C. Sponsor: Transportation Research Board.

Smoking Cessation in Military and Veteran Populations
Board on Population Health and Public Health Practice, Institute of Medicine. Project director: Roberta Wedge. Chair: Stuart Bondurant, professor of medicine and dean emeritus, University of North Carolina School of Medicine, Chapel Hill. Sponsor: U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs.

Sustaining and Improving the Nation's Nuclear Forensics Capabilities
Nuclear and Radiation Studies Board, Division on Earth and Life Studies; and Committee on International Security and Arms Control, Division on Policy and Global Affairs. Project director: Micah Lowenthal. Chair: Albert Carnesale, chancellor emeritus, University of California, Los Angeles. Sponsors: U.S. Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration, U.S. Department of Homeland Security, Domestic Nuclear Detection Office, and U.S. Department of Defense, Defense Threat Reduction Agency.

The U.S. Commitment to Global Health
Board on Global Health, Institute of Medicine. Project director: Sarah Scheening. Co-chairs: Ambassador Thomas R. Pickering, vice chairman, Hills & Co., Washington, D.C.; and Harold Varmus, president and chief executive officer, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York City. Sponsors: Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, Burroughs Wellcome Fund, National Institutes of Health, Rockefeller Foundation, Merck Company Foundation, Google.org, U.S. Department of Homeland Security, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and U.S. Department of State.



Publications

For documents shown as available from the National Academies Press (NAP), write to 500 Fifth St., N.W., Lockbox 285, Washington, D.C. 20055; tel. 202-334-3313 or 1-800-624-6242; or order on the Internet at <www.nap.edu>. Documents from a specific unit of the National Academies are available from the source as noted.

2008 Amendments to the National Academies' Guidelines for Human Embryonic Stem Cell Research
Board on Life Sciences, Division on Earth and Life Studies; and Board on Health Sciences Policy, Institute of Medicine (2008, approx. 64 pp.; ISBN 0-309-12220-1; available from NAP).

Antivirals for Pandemic Influenza: Guidance on Developing a Distribution and Dispensing Program
Board on Population Health and Public Health Practice, Institute of Medicine (2008, 132 pp.; ISBN 0-309-11866-2; available from NAP).

Assessment of the Bureau of Reclamation's Security Program
Board on Infrastructure and the Constructed Environment, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences (2008, approx. 152 pp.; ISBN 0-309-12527-8; available from NAP).

Assessment of the Small Business Innovation Research Program at the Department of Energy
Division on Policy and Global Affairs (2008, approx. 330 pp.; ISBN 0-309-11412-8; available from NAP).

Behavioral Modeling and Simulation: From Individuals to Societies
Board on Behavioral, Cognitive, and Sensory Sciences, Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education (2008, 400 pp.; ISBN 0-309-11862-X; available from NAP).

Changes in the Sheep Industry in the United States: Making the Transition From Tradition
Board on Agriculture and Natural Resources, Division on Earth and Life Studies (2008, approx. 386 pp.; ISBN 0-309-12161-2; available from NAP).

Common Standards for K-12 Education? Considering the Evidence -- Summary of a Workshop Series
Center for Education, Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education (2008, 104 pp.; ISBN 0-309-12524-3; available from NAP).

Creating a Business Case for Quality Improvement Research: Expert Views -- Workshop Summary
Board on Health Care Services, Institute of Medicine (2008, 70 pp.; ISBN 0-309-11652-X; available from NAP).

Dispensing Medical Countermeasures for Public health Emergencies -- Workshop Summary
Board on Health Sciences Policy, Institute of Medicine (2008, approx. 130 pp.; ISBN 0-309-12096-9; available from NAP).

Early Childhood Assessment: Why, What, and How?
Board on Children, Youth, and Families and Board on Testing and Assessment, Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education (2008, approx. 384 pp.; ISBN 0-309-12465-4; available from NAP).

Emerging Cognitive Neuroscience and Related Technologies
Standing Committee for Technology Insight - Gauge, Evaluate, and Review, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences; and Board on Behavioral, Cognitive, and Sensory Sciences, Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education (2008, approx. 202 pp.; ISBN 0-309-11894-8; available from NAP).

Emerging Safety Science -- Workshop Summary
Board on Health Sciences Policy, Institute of Medicine (2008, 150 pp.; ISBN 0-309-11012-2; available from NAP).

Emerging Technologies to Benefit Farmers in Sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia
Board on Agriculture and Natural Resources, Division on Earth and Life Studies (2008, approx. 328 pp.; ISBN 0-309-12494-8; available from NAP).

Epidemiologic Studies of Veterans Exposed to Depleted Uranium: Feasibility and Design Issues
Board on Population Health and Public Health Practice, Institute of Medicine (2008, 58 pp.; ISBN 0-309-12006-3; available from NAP).

Estimating Mortality Risk Reduction and Economic Benefits from Controlling Ozone Air Pollution
Board on Environmental Studies and Toxicology, Division on Earth and Life Studies (2008, 226 pp.; ISBN 0-309-11994-4; available from NAP).

First Report from the National Research Council Committee on the Review of the Louisiana Coastal Protection and Restoration (LACPR) Program
Water Science and Technology Board and Ocean Studies Board, Division on Earth and Life Studies; and Board on Infrastructure and the Constructed Environment, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences (2008, 32 pp.; available only online from NAP).

Foodborne Disease and Public Health -- Summary of an Iranian-American Workshop
Food and Nutrition Board, Institute of Medicine; and Office for Central Europe and Eurasia, Division on Policy and Global Affairs (2008, 108 pp.; ISBN 0-309-11613-9; available from NAP).

Fourth Report of the National Academy of Engineering/National Research Council Committee on New Orleans Regional Hurricane Protection Projects: Review of the IPET Volume VIII
National Academy of Engineering, Division on Earth and Life Studies, and Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences (2008, 23 pp.; available only online from NAP).

Frontiers of Engineering: Reports on Leading-Edge Engineering From the 2007 Symposium
National Academy of Engineering (2008, 208 pp.; ISBN 0-309-11253-2; available from NAP).

Genetically Engineered Organisms, Wildlife, and Habitat -- A Workshop Summary
Board on Agriculture and Natural Resources, Division on Earth and Life Studies (2008, approx. 102 pp.; ISBN 0-309-12085-3; available from NAP).

Gulf War and Health: Updated Literature Review of Depleted Uranium
Board on Population Health and Public Health Practice, Institute of Medicine (2008, 284 pp.; ISBN 0-309-11919-7; available from NAP).

Improving the Quality of Cancer Clinical Trials -- Workshop Summary
National Cancer Policy Forum, Institute of Medicine (2008, 136 pp.; ISBN 0-309-11668-6; available from NAP).

Initial Guidance for an Update of the National Vaccine Plan: A Letter Report to the National Vaccine Program Office
Board on Population Health and Public Health Practice, Institute of Medicine (2008, 38 pp.; ISBN 0-309-12198-1; available from NAP).

Innovation in Global Industries: U.S. Firms Competing in a New World (Collected Studies)
Board on Science, Technology, and Economic Policy, Division on Policy and Global Affairs (2008, 386 pp.; ISBN 0-309-11631-7; available from NAP).

Inspired by Biology: From Molecules to Materials to Machines
Board on Physics and Astronomy, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences; and Board on Life Sciences, Division on Earth and Life Studies (2008, 172 pp.; ISBN 0-309-11704-6; available from NAP).

Integrated Computational Materials Engineering: A Transformational Discipline for Improved Competitiveness and National Security
National Materials Advisory Board, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences (2008, approx. 140 pp.; ISBN 0-309-11999-5; available from NAP).

Methodological Challenges in Biomedical HIV Prevention Trials
Board on Global Health, Institute of Medicine (2008, 270 pp.; ISBN 0-309-11430-6; available from NAP).

Nanophotonics: Accessibility and Applicability
Air Force Studies Board, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences (2008, 236 pp.; ISBN 0-309-10722-9; available from NAP).

NASA Aeronautics Research: An Assessment
Aeronautics and Space Engineering Board, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences (2008, 122 pp.; ISBN 0-309-11913-8; available from NAP).

The National Children's Study Research Plan: A Review
Board on Children, Youth, and Families, National Research Council and Institute of Medicine; Committee on National Statistics, Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education; and Board on Population Health and Public Health Practice, Institute of Medicine (2008, 166 pp.; ISBN 0-309-12056-X; available from NAP).

Opening New Frontiers in Space: Choices for the Next New Frontiers Announcement of Opportunity
Space Studies Board, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences (2008, 82 pp.; ISBN 0-309-11889-1; available from NAP).

Origin and Evolution of Earth: Research Questions for a Changing Planet
Board on Earth Sciences and Resources, Division on Earth and Life Studies (2008, 152 pp.; ISBN 0-309-11717-8; available from NAP).

The Potential Impact of High-End Capability Computing on Four Illustrative Fields of Science and Engineering
Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences and Division on Earth and Life Studies (2008, approx. 154 pp.; ISBN 0-309-12653-3; available from NAP).

Preliminary Review of the Draft Science, Education, and Design Strategy for the Water and Environmental Research Systems (WATERS) Network
Water Science and Technology Board, Division on Earth and Life Studies (2008, approx. 27 pp.; available only online from NAP).

Public Participation in Environmental Assessment and Decision Making
Committee on the Human Dimensions of Global Change, Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education (2008, approx. 360 pp.; ISBN 0-309-11014-9; available from NAP).

Radiation Source Use and Replacement -- Abbreviated Version
Nuclear and Radiation Studies Board, Division on Earth and Life Studies (2008, 232 pp.; ISBN 0-309-11014-9; available from NAP).

Research on Future Skill Demands -- A Workshop Summary
Center for Education, Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education (2008, 126 pp.; ISBN 0-309-11479-9; available from NAP).

Respiratory Disease Research at NIOSH: Reviews of Research Programs of the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
Board on Environmental Studies and Toxicology, Division on Earth and Life Studies (2008, 250 pp.; ISBN 0-309-11873-5; available from NAP).

Review and Assessment of Developmental Issues Concerning the Metal Parts Treater Design for the Blue Grass Chemical Agent Destruction Pilot Plant
Board on Army Science and Technology, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences (2008, 62 pp.; ISBN 0-309-11515-9; available from NAP).

Review of NASA's Exploration Technology Development Program -- An Interim Report
Aeronautics and Space Engineering Board, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences (2008, approx. 60 pp.; ISBN 0-309-11943-X; available from NAP).

A Review of the DOE Plan for U.S. Fusion Community Participation in the ITER Program
Board on Physics and Astronomy, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences (2008, approx. 50 pp.; ISBN 0-309-12475-1; available from NAP).

Review of the Naval Sea Systems Command (NAVSEA) Draft Memorandum: "NAVSEA's 21st Century Engagement, Education, and Technology Initiative"
Board on Higher Education and Workforce, Division on Policy and Global Affairs (2008, 62 pp.; available only online from NAP).

Review of the Research Program of the FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership -- Second Report
Board on Energy and Environmental Systems, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences (2008, 166 pp.; ISBN 0-309-11634-1; available from NAP).

The Richard and Hinda Rosenthal Lecture 2007: Transforming Today's Health Care Workforce to Meet Tomorrow's Demands
Institute of Medicine (2008, 50 pp.; ISBN 0-309-11539-6; available from NAP).

Science Opportunities Enabled by NASA's Constellation System -- Interim Report
Space Studies Board and Aeronautics and Space Engineering Board, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences (2008, 70 pp.; ISBN 0-309-12010-1; available from NAP).

Setting the Stage for International Spent Nuclear Fuel Storage Facilities -- International Workshop Proceedings
Office for Central Europe and Eurasia, Division on Policy and Global Affairs (2008, 128 pp.; ISBN 0-309-11961-8; available from NAP).

Space Science and the International Traffic in Arms Regulations -- Summary of a Workshop
Space Studies Board, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences (2008, 44 pp.; ISBN 0-309-11609-0; available from NAP).

Standardizing Medication Labels: Confusing Patients Less -- Workshop Summary
Board on Population Health and Public Health Practice, Institute of Medicine (2008, 116 pp.; ISBN 0-309-11529-9; available from NAP).

State Voter Registration Databases: Immediate Actions and Future Improvements -- Workshop Summary
Computer Science and Telecommunications Board, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences (2008, 74 pp.; ISBN 0-309-11878-6; available from NAP).

Transitioning to Sustainability Through Research and Development on Ecosystem Services and Biofuels -- Workshop Summary
Science and Technology for Sustainability Program, Division on Policy and Global Affairs (2008, 130 pp.; ISBN 0-309-11982-0; available from NAP).

Traumatic Injury Research at NIOSH: Reviews of Research Programs of the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
Board on Population Health and Public Health Practice, Institute of Medicine (2008, approx. 238 pp.; ISBN 0-309-12507-3; available from NAP).

United States Civil Space Policy -- Summary of a Workshop
Space Studies Board and Aeronautics and Space Engineering Board, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences (2008, 42 pp.; ISBN 0-309-12014-4; available from NAP).

U.S. Conventional Prompt Global Strike: Issues for 2008 and Beyond
Naval Studies Board, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences (2008, approx. 240 pp.; ISBN 0-309-11459-4; available from NAP).

Use of Dietary Supplements by Military Personnel
Food and Nutrition Board, Institute of Medicine (2008, approx. 440 pp.; ISBN 0-309-11617-1; available from NAP).

Using the American Community Survey for the National Science Foundation's Science and Engineering Workforce Statistics Programs
Committee on National Statistics, Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education (2008, 102 pp.; ISBN 0-309-12153-1; available from NAP).

The Utility of Proximity-Based Herbicide Exposure Assessment in Epidemiologic Studies of Vietnam Veterans
Board on Military and Veterans Health, Institute of Medicine (2008, 160 pp.; ISBN 0-309-11449-7; available from NAP).

Vector-Borne Diseases: Understanding the Environmental, Human Health, and Ecological Connections -- Workshop Summary
Board on Global Health, Institute of Medicine (2008, 350 pp.; ISBN 0-309-10897-7; available from NAP).

Workshop Series on Issues in Space Science and Technology: Summary of Space and Earth Science Issues from the Workshop on U.S. Civil Space Policy
Space Studies Board, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences (2008, 24 pp.; available only online from NAP).

Transportation Research Board (TRB) reports --
Approximately 150 titles issued annually. Free catalog available on request from TRB, 500 Fifth St., N.W., Washington, D.C. 20001 (tel. 202-334-3213), or visit TRB's bookstore on the Internet.



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Copyright 2008 by the National Academy of Sciences