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Spring 2002 Vol. 2 No. 1



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NEW PROJECTS & PUBLICATIONS


Projects

The following projects have been undertaken by units of the National Academies. The latest information about all current committee activities -- including project descriptions, committee rosters, and meeting information -- is now available in Current Projects on the National Academies' Web site.

Communicating Occupational Safety and Health Information to Spanish-Speaking Workers.
Board on Earth Sciences and Resources, Division on Earth and Life Studies. Project director: Tammy Dickinson. Chair: Susan C. Scrimshaw, dean, School of Public Health, University of Illinois, Chicago. Sponsor: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health.

End Points for Spent Nuclear Fuel and High-Level Radioactive Waste in Russia.
Board on Radioactive Waste Management, Division on Earth and Life Studies; and Office for Central Europe and Eurasia, Division on Policy and Global Affairs. Project director: Micah Lowenthal. Co-chairs: John F. Ahearne, director, Ethics Program, Sigma Xi Center, Sigma Xi, The Scientific Research Society, Research Triangle Park, N.C.; and Nikolay P. Laverov, vice president, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow. Sponsors: U.S. Department of Energy with additional support from the Russian Ministry of Atomic Energy and Russian Academy of Sciences. (See Brief Takes in this issue of In Focus.)

InterAcademy Medical Panel.
North America: National Academy of Medicine of Mexico; Institute of Medicine, U.S. National Academies. Latin America and the Caribbean: Academia Nacional de Medicina de Buenos Aires, Argentina; National Academy of Sciences of Bolivia and Academia Boliviana de Medicina; National Academy of Medicine of Columbia; Academy of Sciences of Cuba; Caribbean Academy of Sciences, Trinidad. East Asia, South Asia, and the Pacific: Australian Academy of Science; Chinese Academy of Engineering; Indian National Science Academy; Science Council of Japan; National Academy of Sciences, Republic of Korea; Academy of Sciences Malaysia; Mongolian Academy of Sciences. Europe and Central Asia: Croatian Academy of Sciences and Arts and Croatian Academy of Medical Sciences; Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic; French National Academy of Medicine and French Academy of Sciences; Academy of Athens, Greece; Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei, Italy; Latvian Academy of Science; Lithuanian Academy of Sciences; Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences; Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters; Russian Academy of Medical Sciences; Slovak Postgraduate Academy of Medicine and Slovak Academy of Science Institute of Virology; Slovenian Academy of Sciences and Arts; Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences; Swiss Academy of Medical Sciences; Turkish Academy of Sciences; Academy of Medical Sciences, United Kingdom. Africa and the Middle East: Academy of Scientific Research and Technology, Egypt; Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities; African Academy of Sciences, Kenya; University of Malawi; Senegalese Academy of Sciences; Academy of Science of South Africa. (See Brief Takes in this issue of In Focus.)

Toward Improved International Labor Standards: Data, Monitoring, and Compliance.
Center for Education, Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education. Project director: Nevzer Stacey. Chair: Theodore H. Moran, Marcus Wallenberg Chair, Walsh School of Foreign Service, Georgetown University, Washington, D.C. Sponsor: Bureau of International Labor Affairs, U.S. Department of Labor.


Publications

For documents shown as available from National Academy Press (NAP), write to 2101 Constitution Avenue N.W., Washington, D.C. 20418; telephone (202) 334-3313 or 1-800-624-6242; or order on the Internet at <www.nap.edu>. Documents from a specific unit of the National Academies are available from the source as noted. Prices and availability of all documents are subject to change. Charges listed are for single copies; discounts are available for bulk orders.

The Age of Expert Testimony: Science in the Courtroom -- Report of a Workshop
Science, Technology, and Law Panel, Division on Policy and Global Affairs (2002, 68 pp.; ISBN 0-309-08310-9; available from NAP, $12.00 plus $4.50 shipping).

The Anthrax Vaccine: Is it Safe? Does it Work?
Medical Follow-up Agency, Institute of Medicine (2002, 288 pp.; ISBN 0-309-08309-5; available from NAP, $37.00 plus $4.50 shipping).

Astronomy and Astrophysics in the New Millennium -- Panel Reports
Board on Physics and Astronomy and Space Studies Board, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences (2002, 400 pp.; ISBN 0-309-07037-6; available from NAP, $49.00 plus $4.50 shipping).

At What Price? Conceptualizing and Measuring Cost-of-Living and Price Indexes
Committee on National Statistics, Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education (2002, 352 pp.; ISBN 0-309-07442-8; available from NAP, $49.95 plus $4.50 shipping).

Biological Threats and Terrorism: Assessing the Science and Response Capabilities -- Workshop Summary
Board on Global Health, Institute of Medicine (2002, 315 pp.; ISBN 0-309-08253-6; available from NAP, $42.00 plus $4.50 shipping).

Broadband: Bringing Home the Bits
Computer Science and Telecommunications Board, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences (2001, 336 pp.; ISBN 0-309-08273-0; available from NAP, $34.95 plus $4.50 shipping).

Caffeine for the Sustainment of Mental Task Performance: Formulations for Military Operations
Committee on Military Nutrition Research, Food and Nutrition Board, Institute of Medicine (2001, 157 pp.; ISBN 0-309-08258-7; available from NAP, $39.00 plus $4.50 shipping).

Capitalizing on New Needs and New Opportunities: Government-Industry Partnerships in Biotechnology and Information Technologies
Board on Science, Technology, and Economic Policy, Division on Policy and Global Affairs (2001, 360 pp.; ISBN 0-309-08257-9; available from NAP, $68.75 plus $4.50 shipping).

Choosing the Right Formula -- Initial Report
Committee on National Statistics, Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education (2001, 102 pp.; ISBN 0-309-07580-7; available from NAP, $25.00 plus $4.50 shipping).

Commercial Supersonic Technology: The Way Ahead
Aeronautics and Space Engineering Board, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences (2001, 52 pp.; ISBN 0-309-08277-3; $18.00 plus $4.50 shipping).

Community and Quality of Life: Data Needs for Informed Decision Making
Board on Earth Sciences and Resources, Division on Earth and Life Studies (2002, 200 pp.; ISBN 0-309-08260-9; available from NAP, $39.95 plus $4.50 shipping).

Community Programs to Promote Youth Development
Board on Children, Youth, and Families, National Research Council and Institute of Medicine (2002, 432 pp.; ISBN 0-309-07275-1; available from NAP, $49.95 plus $4.50 shipping).

Cybersecurity Today and Tomorrow: Pay Now or Pay Later
Computer Science and Telecommunications Board, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences (2002, 50 pp.; ISBN 0-309-08312-5; available from NAP, $12.00 plus 4.50 shipping).

Disability Determination for Mental Retardation
Board on Behavioral, Cognitive, and Sensory Sciences, Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education (2002, approx. 240 pp.; ISBN 0-309-08323-0; available from NAP, $37.00 plus $4.50 shipping).

The Disposition Dilemma: Controlling the Release of Solid Materials from Nuclear Regulatory Commission-Licensed Facilities
Board on Energy and Environmental Systems, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences (2002, approx. 220 pp.; ISBN 0-309-08417-2; available from NAP, $45.00 plus $4.50 shipping).

The Drama of the Commons
Committee on the Human Dimensions of Global Change, Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education (2002, 521 pp.; ISBN 0-309-08250-1; available from NAP, $25.00 plus $4.50 shipping).

Effects of Trawling and Dredging on Seafloor Habitat
Ocean Studies Board, Division on Earth and Life Studies (2002, approx. 183 pp.; ISBN 0-309-08340-0, available from NAP, $39.00 plus $4.50 shipping).

Environmental Effects of Transgenic Plants: The Scope and Adequacy of Regulation
Board on Agriculture and Natural Resources, Division on Earth and Life Studies (2002, 320 pp.; ISBN 0-309-08263-3; available from NAP, $49.95 plus $4.50 shipping).

Equipping Tomorrow's Military Force: Integration of Commercial and Military Manufacturing in 2010 and Beyond
Board on Manufacturing and Engineering Design, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences (2002, 86 pp.; ISBN 0-309-08316-8; available from NAP, $18.00 plus $4.50 shipping).

Food Chemicals Codex: Third Supplement to the Fourth Edition Food and Nutrition Board, Institute of Medicine (2001, 140 pp.; ISBN 0-309-07430-4; available from NAP, $39.95 plus $4.50 shipping).

From Scarcity to Visibility: Gender Differences in the Careers of Doctoral Scientists and Engineers
Committee on Women in Science and Engineering, Office of Scientific and Engineering Personnel, Division on Policy and Global Affairs (2001, 311 pp.; ISBN 0-309-05580-6; available from NAP, $45.00 plus $4.50 shipping).

Future R&D Environments: A Report for the National Institute of Standards and Technology
Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences (2002, 218 pp.; ISBN 0-309-08336-2; available from NAP, $47.00 plus $4.50 shipping).

Genetic Status of Atlantic Salmon in Maine -- Interim Report
Board on Environmental Studies and Toxicology and Ocean Studies Board, Division on Earth and Life Studies (2002, 76 pp.; ISBN 0-309-08311-7; available from NAP, $18.00 plus $4.50 shipping).

Global Networks and Local Values: A Comparative Look at Germany and the United States
Computer Science and Telecommunications Board, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences (2001, 260 pp.; ISBN 0-309-07310-3; available from NAP, $30.00 plus $4.50 shipping).

Immunization Safety Review: Multiple Immunizations and Immune Dysfunction
Board on Health Promotion and Disease Prevention, Institute of Medicine (2002, approx. 119 pp.; ISBN 0-309-08328-1; available from NAP, $18.00 plus $4.50 shipping).

Improving Mathematics Education: Resources for Decision Making
Mathematical Sciences Education Board, Center for Education, Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education (2001, 49 pp.; ISBN 0-309-08300-1; available from NAP, $18.00 plus $4.50 shipping).

Interim Report #6 on Spacecraft Water Exposure Guidelines
Committee on Toxicology, Board on Environmental Studies and Toxicology, Division on Earth and Life Studies (2002, 28 pp.; available only online at <www.nap.edu>).

Learning and Understanding: Improving Advanced Study of Mathematics and Science in U.S. High Schools
Center for Education, Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education (2002, approx. 300 pp.; ISBN 0-309-07440-1; available from NAP, $34.95 plus $4.50 shipping).

Letter Report from the Committee on Youth Population and Military Recruitment
Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education (2002, 10 pp.; available only online at <www.nap.edu>).

Measuring and Sustaining the New Economy -- Report of a Workshop
Board on Science, Technology, and Economic Policy, Division on Policy and Global Affairs (2002, 268 pp.; ISBN 0-309-08298-6; available from NAP, $53.25 plus $4.50 shipping).

Measuring Housing Discrimination in a National Study -- Report of a Workshop
Committee on National Statistics, Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education (2002, 77 pp.; ISBN 0-309-08325-7; available from NAP, $18.00 plus $4.50 shipping).

The Mission of Microgravity and Physical Sciences Research at NASA
Space Studies Board, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences (2001, 21 pp.; copies available free from the board, tel. 202-334-3477 or e-mail <ssb@nas.edu>).

Opportunities to Improve the U.S. Geological Survey National Water Quality Assessment Program
Water Science and Technology Board, Division on Earth and Life Studies (2002, 252 pp.; ISBN 0-309-08305-2; available from NAP, $34.00 plus $4.50 shipping).

Predicting Invasions of Nonindigenous Plants and Plant Pests
Board on Agriculture and Natural Resources, Division on Earth and Life Studies (2002, approx. 198 pp.; ISBN 0-309-08264-1; available from NAP, $39.95 plus $4.50 shipping).

Principles and Operational Strategies for Staged Repository Systems -- Progress Report
Board on Radioactive Waste Management, Division on Earth and Life Studies (2002, 22 pp., available only online at <www.nap.edu >).

Progress in Improving Project Management at the Department of Energy -- 2001 Assessment
Board on Infrastructure and the Constructed Environment, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences (2001, 140 pp., ISBN 0-309-08280-3; available from NAP, $31.50 plus $4.50 shipping).

Review of a Research Protocol Prepared by the University of Utah -- Letter Report
Board on Radiation Effects Research, Division on Earth and Life Studies (2002, 20 pp.; available only online at <www.nap.edu>).

A Review of the Florida Keys Carrying Capacity Study
Ocean Studies Board and Water Science and Technology Board, Division on Earth and Life Studies (2002, approx. 169 pp., ISBN 0-309-08346-X; available from NAP, $27.00 plus $4.50 shipping).

The Right Thing to Do, The Smart Thing to Do: Enhancing Diversity in the Health Professions -- Summary of the Symposium on Diversity in Health Professions in Honor of Herbert W. Nickens, M.D.
Institute of Medicine (2001, 376 pp.; ISBN 0-309-07614-5; available from NAP, $44.00 plus $4.50 shipping).

Scientific Evaluation of Biological Opinions on Endangered and Threatened Fishes in the Klamath River Basin -- Interim Report
Board on Environmental Studies and Toxicology, Division on Earth and Life Studies (2002, approx. 38 pp.; ISBN 0-309-08324-9; available from NAP, $12.00 plus $4.50 shipping).

Setting the Course: A Strategic Vision for Immunization Finance, Part 1: Summary of the Chicago Workshop
Division of Health Care Services, Institute of Medicine (2002, 60 pp.; ISBN 0-309-08307-9; available from NAP, $18.00 plus $4.50 shipping).

Signs of Life: A Report Based on the April 2000 Workshop on Life Detection Techniques
Committee on the Origins and Evolution of Life, Space Studies Board, Division onEngineering and Physical Sciences; and Board on Life Sciences, Division on Earth and Life Studies (2002, approx. 74 pp.; ISBN 0-309-08306-0; copies available free from the Space Studies Board, tel. 202-334-3477 or e-mail <ssb@nas.edu>).

Spills of Emulsified Fuels: Risks and Responses
Ocean Studies Board, Division on Earth and Life Studies, and Marine Board, Transportation Research Board (2002, 118 pp.; ISBN 0-309-08301-X; available from NAP, $27.75 plus $4.50 shipping).

Technology and Assessment: Thinking Ahead -- Proceedings from a Workshop
Board on Testing and Assessment, Center for Education, Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education (2002, 104 pp.; ISBN 0-309-08320-6; available from NAP, $27.00 plus $4.50 shipping).

Technology and Economic Analysis in the Prepublication Version of the Report Effectiveness and Impact of Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) Standards -- Letter Report
Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences (2002, 43 pp.; available only online at <www.nap.edu>).

Transfer of Pollution Prevention Technologies
Board on Manufacturing and Engineering Design, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences (2002, approx. 64 pp.; ISBN 0-309-08402-4; available from NAP, $18.00 plus $4.50 shipping).

Transforming Remote Sensing Data into Information and Applications
Space Studies Board, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences; and Ocean Studies Board, Division on Earth and Life Studies (2001, 90 pp.; ISBN 0-309-09271-4; copies available free from the board, tel. 202-334-3477 or e-mail <ssb@nas.edu>).

Unequal Treatment: Confronting Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Health Care
Board on Health Sciences Policy, Institute of Medicine (2002, approx. 598 pp.; ISBN 0-309-08265-X; available from NAP, $44.95 plus $4.50 shipping).

Update on NRC Recommendations for a Modified Baseline Process at Pueblo Chemical Depot -- Letter Report
Board on Army Science and Technology, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences (2002, 7 pp.; available only online at <www.nap.edu>).

Update on the Engineering Design Studies Evaluated in the NRC Report Analysis of Engineering Design Studies for Demilitarization of Assembled Chemical Weapons at Pueblo Chemical Depot -- Letter Report
Board on Army Science and Technology, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences (2002, 9 pp.; available only online at <www.nap.edu>).

Veterans and Agent Orange: Herbicide/Dioxin Exposure and Acute Myelogenous Leukemia in the Children of Vietnam Veterans
Board on Health Promotion and Disease Prevention, Institute of Medicine (2002, 42 pp.; ISBN 0-309-08338-9; available from NAP, $12.00 plus $4.50 shipping).

Visual Impairments: Determining Eligibility for Social Security Benefits
Board on Behavioral, Cognitive, and Sensory Sciences, Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education (2002, approx. 212 pp.; ISBN 0-309-08348-6; available from NAP, $35.00 plus $4.50 shipping).



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Copyright 2001 by the National Academy of Sciences